Marine Metagenomics for New Biotechnological Applications
Michail Yakimov, Violetta La Cono, Luis Monticelli, Gina La Spada, Francesco Smedile, Mireno Borghini, Gioacchino Ruggeri (IAMC-CNR), Stéphane L'Haridon (IFREMER), Maria Pachiadaki, Andreas Oikonomou (EDUK), Aleksandr Merkel (INMI RAN), Francesca Mapelli, Giuseppe Merlino (University of Milano), Sebastiaan Rampen (NIOZ), Vladlen Slepak (University of Miami), Guenter Jost (Leibniz-Institute for Baltic Sea Research), Anna Lopatina (Institure of Molecular Genetics, RAN)
The sampled sites are following reported:
SC5 Matapan 36°34.00N, 21°07.28E
SC9 Tyro 33°52.726N, 26°02.311E
SC6a Medee 34°28.600N 22°15.823E
SC6b Kryos 34°55.026N, 22°01.471E
SC6d Urania mud volcano 35°13.830N, 21°28.433E
SC2 KM3 36°30.616N, 15°40.615E
During the cruise 2011 the sampling activity has mostly been done at mud volcanoes and to Deep-sea anoxic brine pools. Cold seeps are represent unique ecosystems in deep sites of Medditerenean sea associated to mud volcanoes, and are inhabited by microbial chemolitotrophic communities; tubeworms and bivalves, containing symbiotic microorganisms. The sampling sites of a special interest were mud volcanoes Napoli Dom and Urania.
The deepest site of the Med Sea –the hadal canyon Matapan Deep (5125m) is rich in organic matter in comparison with surrounding areas and was another highlight sampling site. It is populated by high numbers of endemic organisms, although quite little is known regarding the prokaryotic organisms living there.